Woodworking is one of the most popular and demanded spheres of activity today. And more than one master will not do in his work without tools such as a circular saw or a miter saw. This raises a question that can often be heard from our clients: which of them is better than more convenient to work with and whether one tool can complete the tasks of another or fully replace.
The main working mechanism of both saws is a saw blade. Depending on the models and their purpose, diameters, number of teeth, thickness and angle of sharpening of the tooth are different. And it is important to understand that the quality of the workpiece processing depends on the manufacturer of the disc and the number of teeth. After all, when the cut is even and accurate, further work on the assembly of wooden structures occurs quickly.
How a Miter Saw Works
A miter saw , like a circular saw , works according to the same principle, but has different settings and capabilities.
The design is a table with a rotary central part, side tables for the workpiece stop, a motor fixed to it with the possibility of tilting in different directions and pulling, if provided in the model. The saws use disc diameters from 165 to 315 mm. The main purpose is to work on wood, but when installing special saw cutters, they can work with aluminum.
Now more about the miter or pendulum saw. Its main task is to cross-cut workpieces at a right or arbitrary angle. By the type of power supply, they are divided into two types: battery and network. By design, there are pendulum and cantilever (saws with a broach), as well as universal, where the most basic unit is the drive from the engine to the disk.
- Gear drive . There are two types: with a spur and helical pair. The first is the most popular and cheapest, but later on the lateral backlash will increase, the second, on the contrary, does not have such a disadvantage, it is more convenient and practical to use.
- Belt drive . Mainly used in professional cross-cutting, it is very easy to use, easy to change in case of failure. The accuracy of the work is the highest.
Together, this all gives you the opportunity to make cuts at the following angles – 90×90, 90×45, 45×45. All these planes are ideal for any furniture industry and allow cutting blanks for joints at almost any angle. For ease of use, we also include: illumination of the working area, a laser pointer, speed control, clamping clamps that securely fix the workpiece, and this is a guarantee of the safety of the accuracy of the work performed.
Circular saw capabilities
Here I propose to make some clarifications. Circular saw users call and a hand circular saw, and a table saw, and these are completely different tools. Hand saws are structurally the simplest, they have a small table with a motor attached to it. They are lightweight, comfortable compared to other saws and are designed mainly for primary cutting of wood. The ruler included in the kit is quite simple and if your workpiece does not have flat surfaces, then it will be problematic to dissolve the board. Such saws have the ability to set the tilt angle up to 45%, but fixing in this position does not guarantee high accuracy, for this you will need to buy several accessories, and the price of such a set may approach the price of a table saw. But if you have to work at height, in an upright position or loosening long boards, then there is no better tool to find.
As for the table circular saw , it can work with different workpieces, but their dimensions are limited by the working plane of the table. They can be bench-top and floor-mounted, the engine is located inside the case, which is adjustable in 2 directions, the cutting depth is set vertically and the slope is up to 45% along the horizontal plane. The table is equipped with a side stop and a carriage that allows you to set different angles when cutting. In terms of accuracy, this version of the saw takes an honorable second place among analogues.
Trimming or circular, how to make a choice?
To summarize and systematize the above information, as well as to make the comparison clearer, I propose to study the table:
|Comparison parameters||Miter saws||Circular saws||Table circular saws|
|Ability to work on wood and aluminum||there is||there is||there is|
|Fixing the workpiece||there is||not||not|
|Ease of service||demanding to care||minimal care||demanding to care|
|Longitudinal cut||not||there is||there is|
|Cross cut||there is||there is||there is|
|Cut adjustment under 45%||there is||there is||there is|
|Adjusting the depth of cut||there is||there is||there is|
|Variety of accessories||minimal||high||minimal|
|Range of installed saw blades||tall||middle||tall|
In fact, the number of parameters for comparing the characteristics of saws is quite a lot, an especially frequent question from buyers is whether it is possible to do this or that work with one tool. Of course not. The first thing to remember is the safety rule, because neglecting it can lead to serious injury. Also, in the case of self-alteration of the tool, you make constructive changes that remove the tool from warranty service.
Saws are quite popular tools for home renovation, woodworking or professional construction. And as mentioned above, most of the work operations are identical, but in an amicable way you will not be able to perform the entire range of work with one saw.
Hand-held circular saws will always occupy the leading places in sales, as they are cheaper, lighter and often converted by craftsmen into a table circular saw. It is convenient to transport, store and maintain them with you.
Table circular saws are a great tool for both a professional and an amateur, but to work with this tool you need free space, here you can trim, unfold, and trim. The only thing that you may encounter is the inconvenience of working with large workpieces, for them you need to purchase either a more expensive saw, or make additional stops yourself, you pull the workpiece by hand.
Miter saws are an ideal tool for precision work, because their design was originally developed taking into account long-term work and high loads while maintaining their parameters. And only in the class of cross-cutters there are multifunctional machines that are equipped with an upper table and can turn into a small circular machine with one movement of the hand. It is worth noting that such a refinement is designed only for small cuts, and the tool itself becomes more bulky and heavy. A significant advantage of miter saws is the ability to cut at any degrees, and reliable fixation of the workpiece will make your work safe and of high quality.
For details on how to choose a good and versatile circular saw, read the article: ” How to Choose a Circular Saw .
If you have any questions after reading the article, leave comments below. I will be happy to answer them!