What It Takes To Start A Carpentry Workshop

Practical guide on the equipment needed to set up a small carpentry: from the workbench to stationary machines and hand tools.

The global economic situation is leading an increasing number of young people to rediscover ancient crafts, which today more than ever seem to represent a great resource for the future. As regards specifically the craft sector, one of the most widespread activities is carpentry, and it is also one of the trades that have been least affected by the repercussions of the economic crises that have occurred over the last ten years.
In this respect, the numbers speak for themselves: DIY and bricolage enthusiasts who have decided to turn their passion into a profession, regardless of their age group, are on the rise and small artisan workshops are slowly making a comeback, especially thanks to innovative technologies and materials, such as epoxy resins for example, which have further enriched the technical and artistic background of the new carpenters compared to the old generation.

For the benefit of all those who find themselves in this situation, therefore, we have prepared a short guide on everything necessary for setting up a small artisan carpentry workshop.

The furnishings and furnishings

The space that will accommodate the laboratory must be optimized to the maximum, and in order to succeed in this undertaking, it is first of all necessary to purchase the most suitable furnishings for the purpose. In this case we must not exaggerate and set up the environment as if it were a mechanical workshop; steel chests of drawers, panels and workbenches are completely unnecessary elements in a carpentry shop. Instead, enough space must be kept to accommodate stationary machines and power tools, as well as the raw material for the work.

In this specific case, therefore, the best-selling workbench is precisely the carpenter’s workbench made of solid wood, specifically so as not to damage the surface of the pieces being processed, and which is already equipped with specific vices, also in wood, and holes. where to insert the guides and blocks to keep the axes and workpieces still.

A classic example of a professional workbench for carpentry is the one produced by the German company Holzkraft , which has all the features described above. Apart from the carpenter’s bench, moreover, it is good to take into account the purchase of additional support stands for some types of power tools, but we will talk about these later in the paragraph on stationary machines.

The rest of the furnishings, on the other hand, should include a shelving with a skeletal structure, that is open on all sides, to be used for the storage of the raw material for the various processes. Wall hooks are important for hanging both hand tools and bulkier replacement blades, such as ribbon blades.

For the rest, however, it is necessary to try to leave as much space as possible, even on the walls, both for the machinery and for the vertical storage of wooden panels, boards and strips that will serve as raw material. In the purchase of furnishings, folding trestles should also be considered, which if necessary are useful as supports for longer pieces.

Stationary machines

Once the furnishings have been arranged, the laboratory will be completed with specific machinery for the various processes. The dimensions of the machines may undergo variations depending on the type of work that is carried out; carpenters who prefer to specialize in small objects, for example, will need much more compact power tool machines than those who intend to specialize in furniture construction or carpentry.

One of the machines with the largest overall dimensions is usually the band saw, as the frame is high and rests directly on the floor; the fact remains that there are specific models of bandsaw intended for the processing of small objects whose dimensions are much smaller and can be easily placed on a specific bench. Furthermore, many bench tools are complete with their folding supports, while in others they are considered optional and therefore must be purchased separately.

In addition to the band saw, the power tools that cannot be missing in a carpentry workshop are the lathe, the pillar drill, the planer, the thicknesser, the table circular saw and the radial miter saw; for those who have limited space available, however, there is always the possibility of purchasing combined machines, such as the planer and thicknesser and the miter saw with table, which offer 2-in-1 functionality.

Power tools

The “freehand” ones also fall into the category of power tools; the essential ones for carpentry are the jigsaw, the straight hacksaw, the circular saw, the screwdriver drill, the electric fretwork bow, the drum milling machine, the different types of sander, the electric planer, the edger and the nailer.

Apart from these, then, it is absolutely necessary to buy a vacuum cleaner; woodworking produces huge amounts of dust and shavings, so vacuum systems become vital to keep the work environment clean.

Furthermore, most stationary machines and power tools are designed for connection to a dust extraction system; avoid the purchase of domestic vacuum cleaners and instead choose professional vacuum cleaners. These are noisier but also more efficient, as they are specially designed for use in work environments and are naturally predisposed for connection to various machine tools.

Hand tools

Do not forget the manual tools, which are essential for a number of reasons, starting with the execution of retouching and finishing on the pieces already machined, up to any adjustments of the same.

Apart from hammers, especially those with wooden and rubber heads, saws, hand planers, pliers, screwdrivers, wrenches, burins, chisels, awls, files and rasps, most important hand tools for carpentry are measuring tools.
Among these we mention above all the carpenter’s square and compass, the tape measure, the double meter, the rulers, the gauges and obviously pencils and mechanical pencils of various sizes, to mark the measurements and draw the sketches of the projects.

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