Let’s take a closer look at power tools that are of particular importance in woodworking, both in the professional and hobby sectors.
1. The bandsaw
The most important tool for woodworking is certainly the band saw, as it is specifically designed to cut pieces with a high thickness, from 15 to 50-60 centimeters and even more, depending on the type of machine.
In fact, band saws are mainly used in joinery and carpentry workshops; with these machines it is possible to cut not only very substantial thicknesses, but also very long pieces of wood, in order to create beams, ribs, and other elements mainly intended for building constructions, as well as pieces intended for the construction of furniture or other furnishings.
This type of saw uses long and thin “band” blades welded at the ends; the blade is mounted on two pulleys, one of which is connected to an electric motor which gives the rotation movement. It is therefore a stationary machine where the piece must be pushed against the blade in order to perform the cut.
However, there are also compact, and even mini, band saws designed specifically for craft and hobby use. These have a far more affordable price than large stationary machines intended for professional use, and therefore are also within the reach of beginners and do-it-yourself lovers in general, regardless of the level of experience.
2. Bench saws and chainsaws
Apparently they might seem like two different pieces of equipment, but both of these machines are used for the same purpose, namely cutting pieces of wood with a maximum thickness of 14-15 centimeters.
Both the table saw and the radial miter saw, in fact, use a circular blade with a diameter ranging from 190 to 250 millimeters approximately, depending on the model chosen, and the fundamental differences between the two types of tools are only structural.
In the table saw, the blade is inserted into the main body of the tool together with the motor, and only a small portion of it protrudes from the top of the work surface. The blade is therefore in a fixed position and the piece must be pushed against it, with the help of support extensions, it is also possible to cut pieces of wood longer than 60 centimeters.
In the radial miter saws, on the other hand, the exact opposite occurs; the blade and the motor are mounted on a liftable arm placed above the work surface, the piece to be cut is fixed on the latter, which remains immobile while the blade is lowered and the arm moved back and forth to perform the cut . Consequently, the maximum length of the pieces cannot exceed 50-60 centimeters.
Unlike band saws, which only perform perpendicular cuts, both table saws and miter saws can perform inclined cuts up to 45 or 50 degrees, depending on the model.
3. The milling machine
The milling machines are used for a wide range of applications, especially as regards woodworking, as instead of the blade they use a wide variety of interchangeable cutters depending on the work to be performed.
Thanks to this tool it is possible to create finished edges, grooves, slots and continuous pockets for interlocking joints, moldings, more or less complex decorations, trims, grooves, rounding and in some cases even drilling, boring and grinding.
Apart from the large stationary machines, used in the industrial field, there are also milling machines intended for artisanal and hobby use; among these are vertical milling machines, horizontal milling machines, micro milling machines and routers.
With regard to hobby applications in particular, a good milling machine must be compatible with cutters whose shank has a diameter of at least 6, 8 and 10 millimeters, as cutters with shanks starting from 12 millimeters and up are used only for the most demanding processes.
4. The tunnel
The openings are mainly used at a hobby and artisan level, as they allow the processing of solid wood, multilayer and MDF panels with a thickness ranging from 2-3 millimeters up to a maximum of 5-6 centimeters.
There are both manual tunnels, the classic arches, and electric tunnels, which are stationary machines of compact size. They are usually used for the creation of furniture and artistic objects in wood, such as sculptures, models, puzzles, handcrafted toys and much more, but they are also used for the restoration of period furniture and for small maintenance and home renovation.
The blades used by the tunnel are very thin and have a maximum length of 130 millimeters; depending on the number of teeth they have, however, they may also be able to cut other materials apart from wood, such as plastic and non-ferrous metals.
5. Axes, chisels and other hand tools
There are numerous hand tools for working with wood, and they differ according to the type of work to be carried out; this category therefore includes all types of hand saws, axes and wedges, as well as burins, chisels, reamers and other tools intended for precision work.
It is precisely because of the latter that we wanted to mention them in our article; in fact, woodworking, if practiced for purely artistic purposes, rarely requires the use of complex power tools. Those with a passion for sculpting and carving wood, for example, find much more use in a set of chisels than in a milling machine or bandsaw.
Furthermore, saws and hand saws can be used very well for DIY and the construction of small furniture for the home, such as tables, chairs, stools and other furnishings, while the axes allow you to rough out large pieces in order to hint at the preliminary shaping. del before you start sculpting the final shape you want to achieve.