All you need to know about the methods and products used to restore wood, damaged by neglect and bad weather, to new life.
Wood is one of the most beautiful materials and has always been used by man to make a wide range of objects, from common tools and everyday objects to furniture and works of art; it is also widely used in construction, both for load-bearing structures and for window frames, doors and wall covering panels.
To remain in good condition with the passage of time, however, the wood needs care and to be periodically subjected to special treatments, in order to remove the signs of wear, such as cracks and scratches, in order to maintain their beauty.
The methods and products to be used for this purpose, however, are different and vary according to the type of intervention to be performed, so let’s face the topic in a short but exhaustive way, to understand how to behave according to the specific needs of the case.
The wood of the interiors and that of the exteriors
The wood surface can undergo a more or less rapid rate of deterioration and wear depending on whether or not it is exposed to open air and bad weather. The part of the windows and doors that faces directly on the outside, for example, garden furniture, fences, fences and gazebos, are all more subject to thermal variations in temperature, to the action of rain, wind and sunlight. , as well as other apparently inconsistent factors, such as the accumulation of dust or contact with insects and birds, which however in the long run leave scratches and other marks that allow water and humidity to make their way further inside the wood and make it rot.
The wood that is outside the house, therefore, must be subjected to regular maintenance to keep it in good condition and make it last as long as possible; the frequency of this maintenance depends above all on the climatic conditions typical of the place where you live, in any case the frequency must be at least annual, in particular cases it is even advisable to carry out the interventions every six months.
The wood that is inside the house, on the other hand, therefore the protected part of the fixtures, the furniture, the doors of the rooms and any load-bearing elements, such as beams, joists and pillars, are less subject to thermal changes and are not exposed directly in sunlight and water, so they tend to keep longer; in this case, however, other potentially risky factors for the health of the wood should not be underestimated, starting with humidity and woodworms.
Even if less frequently, the wood inside still requires regular care. The actual maintenance interventions, in these cases, can also be performed at intervals of two or three years, provided that furniture, doors and other wooden surfaces are regularly cleaned and treated with specific products such as waxes and conditioners, at least one once every month or two.
Wood care products
As for the products to be used for wood care, also in this case there is a wide variety of choices depending on the type of intervention to be performed, which can range from simple cleaning to restoration or woodworm disinfestation.
The waxes and conditioners are especially suitable for the periodic care of the wood of furniture, doors, fixtures and other elements found inside the home, and are intended to protect, polish and revive the surfaces.
The wax, in the form of specific sticks, is also used for “retouching” interventions, or to remove occasional light scratches that can occur when bumping furniture with a vacuum cleaner, for example, or when moving objects on the surfaces of tables. ; to carry out more substantial repairs, however, it is necessary to use the specific putty for wood.
The standard procedure for restoring damaged wood
For wood exposed to the elements, instead, products such as impregnating agent, oil or specific cleaners are used instead of wax; in this case, as well as for the restoration of antique furniture, it is first necessary to completely remove the old layers of paint and smooth the surfaces with abrasive paper or with an electric tool such as a grinder or sander.
It is no coincidence that the best-selling sander is precisely the one intended for woodworking, this power tool is in fact essential for restoring and renewing wood surfaces damaged by time and bad weather, and therefore is one of the most requested hobby products on the market. .
Both the grinders and the sanders, in fact, allow to remove in an extremely fast and efficient way all the residues of the previous treatments suffered by the wood, together with the scratches and any other surface damage. Removing the old paint is important, as any residue left over will prevent the new paint from penetrating the wood evenly.
After using the sander, therefore, it will be necessary to carry out “washing” with white spirit or thinner and, if there are traces of mold, use special substances for cleaning the wood. Once this is done, the new paints can be applied, choosing them according to whether the wood will go outside or inside the house; then impregnating, oil, wax or conditioner depending on the case.
In case of woodworms, the wood must be treated with a specific substance to be injected into the holes, if the insects have already attacked the wood, or to be brushed on the surfaces in case you want to prevent the risk that these are attacked. The use of these substances is a dedicated treatment that is only necessary under certain circumstances of course.
The same argument, albeit for different reasons, applies to the care and maintenance of wooden parquet, which requires a series of products specifically dedicated to the purpose, also based on the type of wood used for the parquet.