The sliding door system can be a good option when we want to divide two environments, since it takes up very little space and offers great practicality. However, it is a mechanism that must be installed correctly to enjoy its usefulness for a long time.
There are areas of the home where a conventional door is not suitable, not only because of the space occupied by the opening radius, but also because it does not allow furniture and decorative objects to be placed on the side wall, thus affecting the interior design. In this regard, it is good to know how to install a sliding door.
In today’s market there are many types of sliding doors, which can directly affect the installation. The most widely used indoors is the single-leaf sliding door, which can be moved horizontally. When it is closed it divides the rooms, and when it is open it is hidden, parallel to the wall. If we learn to install one of these basic sliding doors, it will be easier to assemble any other, so we will explain it to you step by step below.
1. Prepare materials and tools
If you are wondering how to make a sliding door, the first thing is to have everything you need in the workspace, so that you do not have to interrupt the assembly to go shopping. Manufacturers today typically sell a complete kit that includes the guide rails, split stiles, door, and bearings. However, in some cases it is necessary to install sliding door rails and special hardware, depending on the door model.
As for the tools, a circular saw, a drill, a sander and a hacksaw are usually enough, but this also varies according to the design of the door and the accessories that the kit you have chosen has. Some instruments such as a tape measure, a spirit level, and a combination square are very useful for making a more precise installation.
2. Define the size and weight of the door
For the installation of a sliding door, it is very important to take steps to ensure that it correctly covers the wall frame. If you have a very wide door, you will need a mounting kit with a fairly long track. Also, it is good to bring the door closer to the space where it will be installed to get an idea of how it will look when the assembly is finished. Regarding the weight, it is essential that the kit is compatible with the type of door, generally, manufacturers place this data in the technical details. For example, if you have a wooden door that weighs 40 kg, a rail with a capacity of 50 kg is sufficient.
3. Check the installation mode
The rail can be installed on the wall or on the ceiling, but this will depend on the kit you choose and your need. Some models come with holes and brackets to mount directly on the ceiling or wall, while others include clips that are inserted into the groove of the rail to install it on the wall.
4. Measure and cut the guide (rail)
If you are going to install a single-leaf sliding door, you should ask for help to hold the guide and mark the holes where you are going to place the screws on the wall with a pencil. It is recommended that the rail extends beyond the door frame by about 50 mm. Regarding the length of the rail, it must be twice the width of the door to be installed and an additional 100 mm must be included for the rail stops that go on both sides. You need to carefully measure the guide with the tape measure before cutting it with the hacksaw.
5. Install the rail
The assembly of the guide is important for the operation of the door, for this reason, it is necessary to follow the manufacturer’s instructions to the letter. However, there are some general recommendations that apply to any type of kit. First of all, it is important to use a spirit level when positioning the track, as an uneven door can present sliding problems.
On the other hand, we must correctly adjust the rail, so it is good to use wall brackets. As for the studs, it must be remembered that there are different types, so if the ones that come in the kit are not compatible with the type of wall, it is preferable to purchase others separately. However, the sliding door track you choose should come with all the necessary components.
Once we have the marks where the screws will go, we must open the holes with the drill. It is worth remembering at this point that the size of the bit must match the studs that we are going to use, since it is important to press them into the wall for a better fit. Next, it is time to position the guide and fix it with the screws.
6. Fix the bearings in the door
The bearings, also called hangers, are what allow the door to slide down the track. In this sense, it is necessary to mount them on the upper edge of the door, using the brackets and screws that come in the kit. We must place a bearing at each end, ensuring that they are at the same distance from the edge. For greater accuracy, we can use the tape measure .
7. Fit the door
To mount the sliding door we must insert the bearings in the rail at one of the ends. Depending on the weight, you may need help lifting the door and fitting the hangers to the track. Then, you must check that the door slides correctly along the rail, to proceed to fix the rail stops, which serve as a locking system at both ends so that the door does not come off the rail.
8. Install the guide on the floor
Sliding doors need a guide at the bottom that is anchored to the ground and must have the thickness of the door plus 2 millimeters, this serves to keep the door within the rail.