A wooden table can be placed in the center of the house to give character to the space and organize different family gatherings or parties with friends. In this sense, building a wooden table can be a good idea, since its manufacture is less complicated than many think.
Making a table is an easy type of project that can be completed in a day or two. However, we do not all have the same experience in the DIY world. Therefore, we tell you how to make a wooden table step by step.
1. Design the table
It is normal to wonder how to make a simple table. To begin, it is advisable to look at photos of different types of tables on the internet, since this way we can have a clearer idea of what we want. Also, it may be appropriate to search for pictures of tables, plank tables, and some types of table wood. Likewise, it is possible to consult cabinetmaking magazines for a more professional opinion.
When designing the table, you must always keep your needs in mind. In this sense, it is necessary to identify the use that the table will have, as well as the most appropriate dimensions. If you are wondering how to make a wooden dining table, you should know that this type of structure requires more work, so if you have little experience in construction and carpentry, then you can start by making a small coffee table.
By having the design clearly defined, then you only have to draw a sketch . In this step, you need to think clearly about what the furniture will look like when it’s finished. Once the sketch is complete, it’s time to add the dimensions with a pencil.
2. Establish the measurements and choose the wood of the table
You have to think about the amount of wood we need. For example, it is possible to make a table with a top made of 3 boards 5 cm thick, 30 cm wide and 150 cm long. As for the legs, you can use 4 boards of 10 × 10 cm with a length of 72 cm. Also, it is important to think about the crossbars, since they are the pieces that reinforce the structure and provide stability to the legs. The crossbars can be made up of four boards, two of 5 × 30 cm with a length of 120 cm and another two of 5 x 10 cm and 48 cm long. However, these measurements are for reference only.
In general, where you buy the wood you can ask to have it cut, so it is important to be clear about the measurements before going to the store. Also, you have to know how to choose an inexpensive wood , but one that is resistant. In this sense, if you are wondering how to make a pine wood table, you should know that this type of material is a good option, since it offers resistance and is flexible enough to prevent it from breaking easily.
3. Join the boards of the table top
In this step, you need to place the top boards side by side. For this, it is necessary to use a surface that is as flat as possible for greater precision. In case you are making a large table, then you have to spread a cloth on the floor to place the tables on it and prevent the wood from being damaged.
To join the boards, you can cut the edges of the wood to make a tongue and groove assembly . However, this technique can be difficult, so oblique screwing may be the most practical way. On the other hand, it is possible to acquire a surface made up of a complete piece of wood, which is more practical, but could be more expensive.
To start screwing, you need to make oblique holes with a drill. In this way, you avoid cracking the wood. It is important that before drilling you make small measurement marks on the wood for greater precision. Likewise, it is advisable to drill with a long drill bit of approximately 8 cm.
Next, the depth of the hole needs to be set to reduce the chances of drilling further than is necessary. Now, you just have to secure the boards with 6.5cm self tapping screws. To help you, you can use an electric screwdriver.
4. Glue the crossbars
In the next step, you need to glue the stud boards to the bottom of the wood. You must locate the pieces across the surface of the table, forming a rectangle. To start gluing, you can apply wood glue to the edge of the boards and attach them to the tabletop. Likewise, to fix the pieces firmly, it is advisable to use clamps that press the crossbars at night.
5. Join the legs
To make table legs, you need to place the boards side by side to make sure they are the same measurement in length. If not, then you must cut them to level. Next, you have to place the legs in the corners where the boards of the crossbars meet. Now, you just have to add wood glue and attach the legs.
Once the glue dries, you need to drill holes between the crossbars and the legs. For this you can use a 0.65 cm drill bit. Similarly, it is necessary to use 0.65 cm screws in each leg. Once the legs are glued together, you need to make sure that the table does not wobble. If this happens, then you should use sandpaper to reduce the length of the legs a bit to stabilize the table.
6. Sanding and staining the table
To finish, simply buff with 80-grit sandpaper, which offers a level of abrasion that works well on a rustic wooden table. For added convenience, you can use a belt sander to help you finish sanding faster and with better finishes. However, if you are wondering how to make a rustic wooden table, then you can simply leave the surface as is. To finish, you can stain the wood or just add a thin layer of sealer that helps protect from moisture, especially if you want to use it outdoors.
In conclusion, there is a wide variety of models of wooden tables on the market, but it is possible that they have details that we do not like. In this case, the best option may be to make your own table that is attractive and resistant.