How To Level A Floor So That It Is Smooth?

Floor covering is a good option when giving a new look to the space, since it does not require a large work and is generally inexpensive. However, to obtain good results it is necessary to check that the floor is correctly leveled.

We all like the idea of ​​renovating our home, which is why we generally think about the end result first. This is the case of floor covering, which leads us to decide on the material to use, the color and other aesthetic matters. While these features are critical to interior design, we often overlook more basic issues, such as ground level.

Importance of leveling the ground


Floor leveling has different benefits in terms of safety, aesthetics and durability of the furniture. First of all, uneven ground increases the risk of tripping and even falling, even though the slope of the terrain is practically imperceptible. This is especially noticeable in the homes of the elderly or those with special abilities. In fact, in some houses there are areas that are no longer used due to these types of circumstances. On the contrary, a level floor allows a smooth transit for all the members of the family.

Also, the unevenness of the floor causes setbacks when installing a coating, which can imply an additional cost of money, either in materials or in skilled labor, since it is a more complex job. On the other hand, when all the floor is at the same level, the renovation works are considerably expedited, facilitating the work of the master builder.



In this vein, it is important to note that uneven floors make the coating deteriorate faster, whether it be wood, marble, porcelain or any other type of floor, since the inclination generates failures in the structure that worsen with traffic. of people and the passage of time. However, when leveling the floor, the coating is generally better preserved, regardless of the material used.

On the other hand, uneven floors in the floor cause instability in the furniture , reducing its useful life and causing discomfort to household members. Likewise, we must mention the aesthetic problem caused by the unevenness, since it hinders the symmetrical composition in interior design, disturbing the harmony of the forms.


The best way to level the floor


The first thing to mention is that to level a very uneven floor it is advisable to reduce the excess, since otherwise a considerable amount of soil mortar must be used, which not only increases the investment amount, but also implies a higher load on the structure, which can be a problem in some houses.

Many of us have ever wondered how to level a floor with cement, however, if the unevenness is not too pronounced, the simplest thing today is to use a leveling paste for the floor, better known as self-leveling mortar, which is a specially manufactured product. for these jobs. In this case, you only need a few tools, such as a laser level, a tape measure, an electric drill with a mixing paddle , a silicone gun, and a cutter. Also, you should have self-leveling mortar, water, wooden slats, and styrofoam strips.

Check the unevenness


The first thing we must do is place the laser level in the center of the floor that we want to level. Some of these devices work at 360 degrees, which means that we will see a line of red light on all the walls that indicates the level. In this way, all we have to do is measure with the tape measure from the ground to the light line. In the wall where the measurement is greater, it means that towards that side is the inclination.

Clean the surface to be leveled


Before leveling the floor with mortar it is necessary that the surface is completely clean, since in this way the mixture can adhere properly. The idea is that the floor is as smooth as possible, this means that if there are bumps they must be removed. Similarly, larger holes should be covered with cement and allowed to dry before applying the leveling paste. The cleaning soil may be performed using a vacuum to expedite the process. It is worth remembering at this point that if there are baseboards, they must be removed before leveling the floor.

Cover door sills


If you want to know how to level a floor to put tiles or any other type of coating, it is important that you define the space first, so you can use some wooden slats to cover the thresholds of the doors, so that the leveling mortar does not spread. overflow to other spaces in the house. It is important to place the wood under pressure to increase the containment capacity.


Place expansion joints


Self-leveling mortar is a material that expands and contracts, therefore, before adding the mixture, it is important to place expansion joints. In this case, we can use polystyrene strips and mounting adhesive. In addition, later in this space it is possible to incorporate skirting boards if necessary.

Prepare the mixture


The great thing about self-leveling mortar is that it comes ready to mix with water and apply. However, it is necessary to follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding the proportions to the letter, since each product requires a certain amount of water. This type of mix is ​​generally much more runny than a traditional Portland cement mortar.

Although manual mixing is possible, experts recommend using a concrete mixer or drill with a mixing pad to achieve the proper texture . The amount of material depends on the unevenness of the floor, so it is good to prepare in parts so that not too much paste is left over at the end of the work.

Apply the mortar


This is the most interesting part on how to level a floor to put flooring, tiles or other covering. The idea is to pour the mortar on the ground starting from the lowest part, that is, where the incline is. For the mass to settle correctly, we can use a brush, this helps the mortar to quickly find the necessary leveling and at the same time eliminates possible bubbles. To finish, you just have to let it dry completely and remove the expansion joints.

As additional information, we can say that there is a way to level floor for flooring without mortar, but for this it is necessary to do a more professional job with battens or wooden slats, which implies a greater investment.

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