Classic hacksaw, undoubtedly the most versatile, there are as many types of saw as there are uses.
Among the manual ones we find the jigsaw, the Japanese saw or the saw, while among the electric ones the jigsaw, the circular saw or the saber saw.
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What are the different types of wood saws
There are two types of wood saws: manual or motorized.
I base all on the same principle: a series of small sharp metal teeth, not coplanar with the blade but slightly bent, alternately left and right.
1. Hand saw
Hand saws are ideal for occasional use in places without electricity and for small budgets.
So you can also carry out some jobs with this type of tool.
In certain situations and depending on the piece to be cut, there is nothing better than a saw!
2. Power saw
Motor saws (electric, cordless, etc.) Are more expensive but more advantageous in terms of performance.
Goodbye to exercise and welcome to comfort!
9 types of hand saws – what are the differences?
Hand saws are indispensable tools for do-it-yourself because they are practical, compact, easily transportable and economical.
They can solve different situations: cutting a branch that protrudes along the path, cutting wood for the stove, fixing a piece of furniture, building a shed, etc.
For every type of job, for every use, there is a saw that can do for you. Here are the various saws!
1. Saracco or saw
Certainly the best known type of saw because it is the most versatile.
I equipped it with teeth of various sizes as needed.
A large tooth makes it easier to cut when it is coarse: on the contrary, a fine tooth will create a cleaner and more precise cut.
Keep in mind that the bigger the teeth, the faster you will cut, but the coarser the cut.
Smaller teeth make the cut more precise, but longer and more laborious.
2. Back saw
Also used with a frame cutting box to get precise angular cuts (45 ° / 90 °), its fine toothing quickly and precisely cuts strips, skirting boards, frames and other interior carpentry.
Pay close attention to your fingers.
3. Japanese saw
The Japanese saw is gaining notoriety! Made with a very flexible blade with small teeth, the Japanese saw bends and twists to access difficult areas.
It is suitable for all flush cuts with clean and precise results.
Unlike western saws, the Japanese saw cuts in the traction phase and this reduces effort.
Don’t cut a beam, it’s a waste of time!
4. Reciprocating saw
Also called a core saw, its “long snout” (thick and pointed blade) allows access to hard-to-reach areas for straight or curved cuts such as, for example, a circular shape in the center of a panel.
Equipped with a tensioned blade in a U-frame, it is ideal for making curved cuts .
The jigsaw is the perfect tool for model makers who demand fine and precise cuts.
6. Wire cutting saw
As its name shows, it is suitable for flush or satin cuts .
The blade has a slight difference in height, which allows the user not to get hurt during the cut. I used it for finishes.
7. Bow saw
Useful for cutting logs, or large pieces of wood to put in the fireplace during the long winter evenings.
Very large teeth and a steel frame. This saw is a favorite of lumberjacks.
8. Pruning saw
As the name implies, I used the pruning saw for pruning.
A handle, a curved blade and great strength is all it takes to make it work!
9. Frame saw
It is easy to find it in antique dealers rather than in shops under 50 years old.
It’s grandfather’s saw.
Its shape: a wooden frame and a blade on one side of the quadrilateral .
It cuts well but is outdated.
The 10 models of power saws
Mechanical saws make it easier to get a job done and offer greater throughout and optimum accuracy.
They whet the handyperson’s appetite and fascinate him in comparison with their manual counterparts.
There are mechanical saws for every type of need.
But beware of the fingers, they are dangerous!
Very handy, its small fine blade, with reciprocating movement, allows straight or curved cuts, precise and fast.
The jigsaw n on is suitable for long and thick cuts because the blade flexes (the cutting may be inclined or crooked).
It is not very convenient for long, thick cuts because it wears out–the cut is slightly biased.
2. Circular saw
The least we can say is that the circular saw makes you think of carpentry work! Its rotating blade makes nice, precise and straight cuts.
The depth of cut and the inclination of the blade also allow you to make grooves and inclined cuts up to 45 °.
It’s a terrific saw to work with!
3. Circular plunge or plunge saw
A plunge saw, also called plunge saw, is a circular saw with an adjustable cutting depth starting from 0, which therefore allows you to start a cut in the center of the panel and then lower the saw to the depth of the panel.
A special opional for specific needs.
4. Miter saw
It is the motorized version of the frame saw.
Fixed on the table, the miter saw allows to get quick cuts or notches with predefined angles .
They are available in different sizes. Ideal for all series carpentry work (laying panels, parquet, etc.)
5. Radial saw
Similar to a miter saw, someone, however, mounted the radial saw on a movable arm that allows you to cut larger pieces.
The element to be cut is placed on the table, then the saw is lowered and dragged forward.
The radial saw also performs parting and miter cuts.
6. Saw to cut out
Thanks to its flexible blade with small teeth stretched on a swinging arm, the electric fretwork is perfect for cutting puzzles.
Its tilting plane allows you to make oblique cuts.
It is indispensable for precise cuts, such as in model making.
7. Band saw
Even in the mini version, the band saw remains the largest.
Its continuous band saw blade (stretched between 2 pulleys) cuts precisely and effortlessly, pieces much taller than other saws.
With its tilting table, everything becomes possible. It is the saw of the experienced DIY carpenter.
8. Saber saw
It is like the jigsaw.
The saber saw allows you to make the same cuts, but with less effort .
A good investment for professional jobs or if you want to avoid awkward positions in unfavorable conditions.
9. Table saw
As in all stationary machines, I placed the piece of wood on the machine–unlike portable tools.
With the best table saw for cabinet making, you will get straight and angular cuts of adjustable depth.
It is suitable for mass and large-scale works–laying parquet, cladding, etc.
10. Hole saw
It is a drill accessory that allows you to make large holes.
A hole saw mounts to the spindle.
Advice on use and maintenance
The maintenance of these tools is part of the important things to do: cleaning them, paying attention to the state of wear of their blades and protecting them allows to guarantee their efficiency.
As far as motors and performance are concerned, electric saws require more maintenance.
Most electric saws have an asynchronous motor, so you will need to replace the carbon brushes when necessary.
The blades of the electric saws are replaced and chosen besides the use, the quality, the length and the material to be cut, based on the attachment (blades for jigsaws, etc.).
The circular saw blades have the same general characteristics, but you must pay attention to the bore and the diameter of the blade.
Don’t cut the tips, you will regret it. And above all don’t forget: what cuts wood also cuts fingers!