There are tips and suggestions on how to make a wooden table yourself, beginning from the choice of material to the different processing stages, and the tools required. In the eyes of a beginner, making a do-it-yourself table might seem simple, but in reality it’s more complex than you might think. In order to build a wooden table that is functional as well as aesthetically pleasing, several factors need to be considered. The most important of these is the structural characteristics of strength and maximum weight capacity; depending on its intended use, the table must be able to support a certain load without running the risk of collapsing on itself and the choice of materials to be a good design
This simplistic approach will lead to sure failure if you think that building a table is enough to nail four-legged wooden plank. The table is a piece of furniture that must respect certain standards of measurement, as well as guaranteeing an adequate degree of resistance to weight, in order to be considered a simple piece of furniture.
The simplest solution for a table is to use two four-legged wooden planks. The first plank is placed on the ground and the second one is laid across it. This type of table is known as a “T” or “Double T” table. It is very simple to construct, and it is a cheap solution. There are many variations of the double table, depending on what material you want to use, but the construction process remains the same.
If you intend to create a kitchen or living room table, starting from a well- detailed project is of paramount importance. The size and shape of the scheme must be created according to the intended use, starting from the coffee tables made of solid wood up to the workbench with pallets, it is possible to make anything you want. To be able to make an accurate estimate about the amount of materials required for the realization of the project, it is important that you have clear ideas and put them on paper.
It is better to stay within the limits of your experience if your recommendation concerns the degree of difficulty of the project. A do-it-yourself extendable table is an interesting challenge, but if you are a novice, it could prove too difficult to translate the original idea into practice, and you would risk getting halfway through the job to make yourself proud. It’s better to start with simple projects and then launch into more complex ones as the experience increases.
The materials to be used
As a famous children’s rhyme says: to make a table you need wood (and not just that); this must also be chosen on the basis of the type of project to be carried out, in other words the alternatives that lie ahead are different, especially for the top. The same goes for DIY wooden table legs , which do not necessarily have to be made with the same material; a good alternative to solid wood, especially if you want to increase load resistance, is to use 120 × 40 mm rectangular section steel profiles.
As for the top, however, solid wood is always the best choice; better to avoid laminated wood and chipboard, however, unless you need to make a small courtesy table. It should also be remembered that even with solid wood it is still possible to reduce costs by using less valuable varieties from an aesthetic point of view, such as the construction fir for example, or the wood of the pallets, or pallets if you prefer.
The idea of making a table with pallets is certainly not new, in fact, and since the latter are made of solid pine wood, they are ideal for making garden tables and workbenches; if they are well sanded, painted and finished with care, however, they can also be used for living room and kitchen tables. Another material to consider is epoxy resin which, together with wood, can be used in endless combinations to create high-impact design tables.
The equipment required
To make tables in wood and resin , wood and iron, raw wood or pallets, you need to be well equipped. Apart from the manual tools, especially planes and chisels, the jigsaw, the drill, the screwdriver, a radial miter saw, a circular saw or a band saw, the planer and thicknesser will be required or, alternatively, a milling machine and relative templates, the belt sander, the orbital and the random orbital sander; if your project includes iron in addition to wood, then you will also need a wire welder and an angle grinder.
Bolts, screws for wood and other small metal parts must absolutely not be missing, as well as glue, impregnating paints for wood, finishing ones and possibly anti-woodworm paints; some varieties of wood, such as walnut for example, are easily subject to attack by woodworms and therefore must be adequately protected using specific products.
As you may have easily guessed when reading the previous paragraph, the project of making a DIY wooden table is not an operation within the reach of a beginner hobbyist without the necessary equipment. The costs of the operation, in fact, could already be quite onerous considering only the purchase of the material; by calculating an approximate estimate for the construction of a table with an 80 × 120 top, in fact, the cost for the material could range from 400 to 900 euros or even more, depending on the materials chosen.
Epoxy resin represents a possible additional expense item, which however must be taken into account because it is an extremely expensive material; depending on the quantity used for an 80 × 120 top, in fact, the price of the resin could fluctuate from about 100 to 300 euros.