Everything you need to know about how to make a DIY gazebo, starting from the diagrams to the materials and tools needed for the job.
The derivation of the term gazebo is not clear, as well as its real meaning; the latter, however, has been assimilated to that of the words kiosk and belvedere . The word therefore indicates an architectural structure covered but with completely open sides, which can be built in different materials and according to different styles. It is a “light” building that is found mainly in gardens and parks, both public and private, and can be made of masonry or wrought iron, but much more often it is built in structural wood.
The gazebos found in public parks are larger than “domestic” ones; they are also erected in specific areas and raised above the ground level, as they are used as observation points for the surrounding landscape. Their structure without load-bearing walls makes them ideal for this purpose; in fact, the gazebo, in the strict sense of the definition, is almost exclusively intended to perform a panoramic function.
The garden models, on the other hand, are a simplified version which, in addition to smaller dimensions, has a less complex plan; while the panoramic ones are large and have an octagonal or circular plan, in fact, the garden ones are usually made with a square plan, in order to make the most of the reduced space.
If the surface of the garden is large, nothing prevents you from building a gazebo like those of public parks, obviously, with larger dimensions and a more complex structure from an aesthetic point of view; in most cases, however, in small private gardens it is preferable to opt for a model of equally small size, both for a matter of costs and available space and from a bureaucratic point of view, as we will see later when we talk about how to build a gazebo in wood .
Building a wooden gazebo
The best material, both in terms of price and in terms of yield and “workability”, is wood, especially that of fir which is solid, resistant and relatively cheap. The amount of wood needed may vary depending on the size and type of project you intend to carry out, which is why the first step is to decide what to build based on the intended use.
A wooden gazebo , for example, is suitable above all as a recreational structure, as it is used only during the summer period, or in any case on days of good weather, in order to be able to relax outdoors while sheltered from the sun; the need, however, could also be to create a structure that, in addition to offering shelter, can have additional functions, for example to support plants such as vines or ivy, in which case the best solution would consist in a nice do-it-yourself arbor .
As previously mentioned, the gazebo is a covered structure completely open on the sides, and this means that in the home it can serve several purposes; from a substantial point of view, therefore, there is no difference between the construction of a do-it-yourself wooden gazebo , a do-it-yourself wooden canopy or an inexpensive do-it-yourself pergola .
Another possibility is to make DIY car covers ; that is, structures similar to the gazebo but specifically designed to protect vehicles from rain and sun. The only precaution to take into account, in this case, is to increase the height of the structure in order to offer enough space for a tall vehicle, such as an SUV for example, or for a car with objects fixed to the roof rack. be it roof racks, bicycles or an inflatable kayak such as the Sevylor Reef 300 .
The authorization and the DIA
After having drawn up a scheme of the project to be carried out, also reporting the correct measurements, it is important to bring it for inspection to the technical office of your Municipality of residence, in order to understand whether or not it is necessary to ask for the construction authorization. This structure, in fact, is a building work in all respects and is considered free, that is, it can be built without requiring permits, only in the case in which it is transitory, or intended to serve only for a short period of time and then be dismantled. .
In most cases, therefore, to create a permanent do-it-yourself gazebo , even if of modest size, it is necessary to ask for authorization from your Municipality of residence and to present the DIA on the day in which work begins.
Costs and materials
Excluding the gazebos commissioned to companies specialized in the construction sector, the cost of which can reach up to 9,000 euros and more, the cheapest solutions in terms of do-it-yourself are two: the purchase of raw material or that of a pre -built.
The kit costs a little more; the price varies according to the size and quality of the wood, but roughly ranges from 1,000 to 2,500 euros; the advantage offered by the pre-built kits lies above all in the ease of realization, as it is only necessary to assemble the various pieces.
The purchase of the raw material, on the other hand, even if it offers greater advantages from an economic point of view, presents as disadvantages the additional costs to be incurred for the purchase of construction tools, if you do not have them, and accessory materials such as painting , in especially wood varnishes which are used to protect against rain, humidity, mold, fungi and UV rays. Furthermore, the cost of wood varies according to the quality; laminated fir beams can cost from 400 to 500 euros per cubic meter, pine wood treated for outdoor use costs around 900 euros per cubic meter and so on.
By also adding the small metal parts and other accessories required, such as iron plates to fix the beams to the ground, brushes and waterproof tarpaulin for the roof, the total cost could be only slightly lower than buying a pre-built kit.